What is Sustainable Forestry? by Ron Eckstein:
Sustainable Forest Management
practice of managing dynamic forest ecosystems to provide
ecological, economic, social, and cultural benefits for present and
future generations. 2) The practice of meeting the forest resource
needs and values of the present without compromising the similar
capability of future generations. 3) The stewardship and use of
forests and forest lands in a way, and at a rate, that maintains
Principles of Sustainable Forestry:
New forestry within an ecological context: Forests managed for
wholeness and complexity, rather than efficiency and simplicity;
Emphasis on structure and function, rather than a particular
product; Silviculture is a working hypotheses with uncertain
outcomes; Adaptive management approaches are monitored and
Wisconsin Managed Forest Law Details:
MFL is a landowner incentive program that encourages sustainable
forestry on private woodlands in Wisconsin. Together with landowner
objectives, the law incorporates timber harvesting, wildlife
management, water quality and recreation to maintain a healthy and
productive forest. Sustainable forest management benefits
Wisconsin’s economy, hunting, fishing, wildlife, recreation, soils,
waterways, and air quality, and renews our beautiful forests for
everyone to enjoy.
WDNR Division of Forestry:
Links to the Wisconsin DNR forest news and information concerning
the sustainable management and protection of this precious resource
so that it continues to provide a host of ecological, economic and
social benefits for years to come. These resources are available to
help landowners, loggers and natural resource managers understand
and implement forestry best management practices (BMPs).
Best Management Practices Landowner Guides:
These resources are available to help landowners, loggers and
natural resource managers understand and implement forestry best
management practices (BMPs).
Wisconsin Forest Management
Guidelines - WDNR:
Wisconsin Forest Management Guidelines (FMG)
celebrates the wealth of our forest resources and
emphasizes our responsibility to care for them. It
outlines practical, site-specific considerations
that land managers need to take into account when
they plan and carry out forestry operations.
University of Wisconsin Forestry Facts:
University of Wisconsin has issued over 100
fact sheets documenting forestry practices. Sample subjects
are: Best practices; Hiring a consulting Forester; How to manage red
pine; Understanding the sample timber sale contract; Filling out a
cutting Notice (MFL).
University of Wisconsin Forestry
provided on a variety of topics from hands-on information to
successfully manage for recreation, wildlife, and timber harvest to
the history of Wisconsin’s forests.
A very comprehensive web site
offering detailed information on forest
management and a series of educational opportunities for the
Forest* A *Syst: Tools to Manage your Private
Trees take a long time to grow, so today's decisions have long-term
impacts on forests and water quality. Forest*A*Syst helps you plan
what you want your forest and wooded acreage to be and set out the
steps you need to take to get there.
Forest Images: Image
categories: Forest Pests: Trees, Plants, and Stand
Types; Silvicultural Practices; Urban Forestry;
Wildlife; People, Places and Scenes.
Wisconsin private forestland
owner offspring study: The
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources retained
the Pinchot Institute for Conservation to conduct a
survey of offspring of non-industrial forestland
owners in Wisconsin.
Researcher Catherine Mater and her team spoke with
260 children of forest owners in 2007 (all of these
"children" were adults and some were well into
retirement) and asked about their attitudes
regarding a wide range of topics relating to their
Caring for Wisconsin Woodlands:
Current woodland topics, Learn About Your Land
classes, webinars, publications and information that will help you
meet your goals.
Internet Foresty Links:
THE INTERNET: Your Woodland Management
Sign up for Wisconsin Forestry
Sign up for Wisconsin Division of Forestry
through e-mail by
Wisconsin Wood Marketing Bulletin:
Published every three months, it serves the timber
producing and wood using industries of Wisconsin by
listing items: For sale - forest products, equipment
and services, wanted - forest products, equipment
and services; employment opportunities.
Urban Forest Newsletter:
An electronic bulletin of breaking news and
valuable information for the Urban Forest
Forest Health News Updates:
Wisconsin's forests are generally in good
health, yet numerous native and exotic insects and diseases and
extreme weather events threaten their health annually. The Forest
Health Protection staff provides insect and disease management
assistance on 16 million acres of state, private, industrial and
county forest lands.
DNR Northern Region News Releases:
Official DNR news releases impacting each DNR
Forest Fire Danger and Burning Permits:
It is important to have your written and
annual burning permit
available while burning and follow all restrictions listed on both
sides of the permit.
Livin' by the Lake:
Melanie B. Fullman,
District Ranger, US Forest Service, Ottawa NF, discusses important shoreline
standards and guidelines for a natural shoreline
that minimizes pollution, provides greater protection from erosion, and
supports a greater number and diversity of wildlife.
DNR Division of Forestry Strategic Direction
This is the culmination of three years worth of work
we have undertaken with our partners to assess and plan how to
address major issues, threats and opportunities involving the
forests of Wisconsin. This document outlines what the Division of
Forestry’s niche and role will be to address major issues and
priority topics over the next 5 years and beyond.
DNR Division of Forestry
Operations Plan and Strategic Direction
The Operations Plan allocates staff and fiscal
resources to produce the intent of the Division's Strategic
Wisconsin Woodland Owners Association:
WWOA has many publications, references and website
links available to woodland owners.
site is designed to help woodland owners in Michigan, Minnesota, and
Wisconsin manage their woodlands.
Argonne Experimental Forest: The
Argonne was one of the locations where experiments were done to
evaluate the impacts of forest management activities on growth and
yield and this data was used to create growth and yield models for
most northern hardwood timber types in Wisconsin and it was these
models and these experiments that gave us the stocking charts we use
to guide management. It is located just south of Three Lakes on
highway 32 and has a very nice interpretive trail that takes about
two hours to walk.
Forest Stewardship Council: The
Forest Stewardship Council sets standards for responsible forest
management. A voluntary program, FSC uses the power of the
marketplace to protect forests for future generations. Some people
feel the best way to prevent deforestation is to stop using forest
products. In reality, people use forest products every day. For
example, the average American uses nearly six trees worth of paper
each year. So FSC harnesses market demand to ensure forests are
responsibly managed. Because FSC is the gold standard in forest
certification, it is the only system supported by groups such as
WWF, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Natural Resources Defense Council and
National Wildlife Federation.
More trees best way to fix climate, study says: The
most effective way to fight global warming is to plant lots of
trees, a study says. A trillion of them, maybe more.
A Practical Approach for Translating Climate
Change Adaptation Principles into Forest Management Actions.
There is an ever-growing body of literature on forest
management strategies for climate change adaptation; however, few
frameworks have been presented for integrating these strategies with
the real-world challenges
of forest management. We have developed a structured approach for
translating broad adaptation concepts into specific management
actions and silvicultural practices for forest adaptation, as well
as an associated set of resources to assist managers in using this
approach. A variety of public, private, nongovernmental, and tribal
natural resource managers are using this approach to develop
projects that implement a diversity of adaptation actions while also
meeting manager-identified goals. We describe how managers can
integrate climate change information into management planning and
activities and provide examples of real-world forest management
projects that identify actions to help forests adapt to changing
Red Pine Pocket Mortality:
pine pocket mortality, caused by a complex of insects and the
fungi Leptographium terrebrantis and L. procerum
was first identified in Wisconsin in 1975. National distribution
of this syndrome is unknown. Thinned, plantation-grown red pines
between the ages of 30-45 are most likely to show symptoms of
Planning to cut pine trees on your property? Then you need to
know how to protect your woodlands against the “circles of
death” of Heterobasidion root rot, the most damaging
disease in temperate conifer forests of the world which has
become an epidemic in Wisconsin. Thinning of pine plantations or
cutting of conifer trees can expose your woodland to this deadly
disease. Failure to aggressively respond to the discovery of
this lethal pathogen has threatened sustainable management of
Wisconsin's pines and other conifers in commercial forests, and
also endangers trees in recreational woodlands and in wooded
residential and vacation properties.
Jack Pine Budworm: There
has recently been incidence of the jack pine budworm, a cyclic
insect pine pest, in many parts of PIF’s membership area.
Jack pine is the preferred host of this pest, which attacks
primarily those trees 20 years and older, but budworm will also
spread into stands of red pine in areas that are heavily
Armillaria Root Rot: This
fungus is common throughout the Lake States in red pine
plantations. Damage is especially severe on trees under stress
and trees growing in cutover hard-wood stands. Armillaria causes
a decay, seldom extending more than a few feet above ground. It
kills trees by girdling at the root collar.
Oak Wilt tree disease found in
Oneida county forests:
Read the latest Northern Wisconsin New release. For
other news releases, visit the
DNR Northern Region News Release
How to Identify, Prevent and Control
Oak wilt is an aggressive disease that affects
many species of oak (Quercus spp.).
It is one of the most serious tree diseases in the United
States, killing thousands of oaks each year in forests,
woodlots, and home landscapes. (USDA)
Oak Wilt Management - What are the Options:
Thousands of Oaks in woodlands and urban settings
die from oak wilt every year. Widespread in Wisconsin,
Minnesota, and Michigan, the disease is caused by the fungus
Ceratocystis fagacearum. Because trees in the red oak group fall
prey to the disease most often, the publication focuses on the
red oak group.
Oak Wilt in Wisconsin: Biology and
Oak wilt has probably been a part of our forests in Wisconsin
for 100 years. Oak wilt is caused by a fungus, that invades
water-conducting vessels and induces the formation of
balloon-like projections called tyloses which also plug the
vessels. As water movement within the tree is slowed, the leaves
wilt and drop off the tree.
Twolined chestnut borer:
Adult twolined chestnut borers
primarily attack oaks that are damaged by drought or trees that
are suppressed or declining. Urban oaks that suffer stress from
trunk and root injury, soil compaction, and changes in soil
depth are equally vulnerable to attack by this pest.
Collapsing foundations: The ecology of the
British oak, implications of its decline and mitigation options:
spp.) is declining globally due to a variety of pests, pathogens
and climate change. Assessments of the impact of losing keystone
species such as oak, should include the impact on associated
biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and consider mitigation
options. Here, we assess the potential ecological implications
of a decline in Quercus petraea/robur within the UK. We collated
a database of 2300 species associated with Q. petraea/robur of
which 326 were found to be obligate associates (only found on Q.
Preparing for life after peak oak:
no coincidence that oaks appear so prominently in premodern
European mythology. Thousands of species are known to live among
their branches and in their bark; their nuts are foundational to
forest food webs. A centuries-old oak is practically an
ecosystem unto itself, and though people no longer worship
beneath their boughs, oaks remain appreciated and even beloved.
Spruce decline in Wisconsin:
Spruce decline has been advancing in Northcentral Wisconsin
since about 1988, with symptoms progressing from the ground up,
and from the inside of the crown outward. Symptoms
included very poor live crown ratios and loss of needles
throughout the crown, but significantly worse on the lower
portions of the crown.
Sugar Maples Trouble?: As
many readers know, sugar maple is one of the most important
timber species in the North Woods.Unfortunately, for the past
several years, reports of dieback have been coming from multiple
locations across the UP, northern Minnesota, and northern
of damage from exotic invasive earthworm activity was highly correlated
to sugar maple dieback in the Upper Great Lakes region.
Sugar maple in
the western Upper Great Lakes region has recently been reported with
increased crown dieback symptoms, prompting investigation of the dieback
etiology across the region. Evaluation of sugar maple dieback from 2009
to 2012 across a 120 plot network in Upper Michigan, northern Wisconsin,
and eastern Minnesota has indicated that forest floor disturbance
impacts from exotic invasive earthworms was significantly related to
Click here to read the full article.
Emerald Ash Borer: Emerald
ash borer was found in southeast Wisconsin in August of 2008.
The purpose of this website is to provide clear and timely
information about EAB to those affected by, or potentially
affected by, the insect's presence in our state.
The two hemlock species found in eastern
North America, eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) and
Carolina hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana), are susceptible and
seem to have little resistance to hemlock woolly adelgid damage.
Heavy infestations can lead to the death of the tree within 4 -
10 years, and trees are also weakened and made vulnerable to
attack by other insects and diseases.
wilting (wilted) new foliage, mostly in the lower 1/2 of crown
(looks like frost damage; or dead mature foliage on branches
that are oftentimes still with green cambium, mostly in the
lower 3/4 of crown; or dead tips (only distal few inches)
scattered around crown; or
tied foliage with pupal cases and lots of moths fluttering.
Butternut is being killed throughout its
range by Sirococcus clavigignentijuglandacearum, a fungus most
likely introduced from outside of North America. The fungus
initially infects trees through buds, leaf scars, and possibly
insect wounds and other openings in the bark, rapidly killing
Defoliation of basswood trees caused by introduced basswood
thrips. The introduced basswood thrips, thrips calcaratus, is a
recently recognized defoliator of American basswood in the Lake
(help us provide more detail)
and Taxes: the high cost of palatability for a declining evergreen
In forest ecosystems woody shrubs face many
challenges in the struggle for survival and growth. In addition to
coping with the high-shade environment of the forest floor, in many
systems shrubs have to contend with the presence of mammalian
herbivores. Since these understory inhabitants spend their entire
existence within the reach of browsers, they must carefully balance the
allocation of limited resources among maintenance, growth, and defense.
When nutrients and light are readily available, fast-growing species
rapidly regrow tissues to compensate for herbivore consumption, but if
resources are limited, investment in defense may be the preferred
Click here to continue to read article.
Extensive Canada Yew on Pilgrim River property
Articles on the ecology,
distribution, conservation and management of large old
2017 Conserving large old trees as
small natural features - BiolCons;
2016 The unique challenges of
conserving large old trees - TrendsEcolEvol;
2016 The ecology, distribution,
conservation and management of large old trees - BiolRev
New Policies for Old Trees: Averting a
Global Crisis in a Keystone Ecological Structure - ConsLett
many areas of the United States, the population density of
white-tailed deer has dramatically increased over the past
century to levels that are significantly greater than
presettlement estimates. Prolonged and selective overbrowsing by deer
has strong impacts on population-and community-level
processes. Here are several "Deer browse impact research
legacy of deer overabundance: long-term delays in herbaceous
disturbance regimes promote tree diversity only under low
browsing regimes in eastern deciduous forest";
over browsing and biodiversity collapse in a forest
understory in Pennsylvania: Results from a 60 year-old
deer exclusion plot";
herbivory reduces web-building spider abundance by
simplifying forest vegetation structure";
the formation of dense understory layers in forests
worldwide: consequences and implications for forest
dynamics, biodiversity, and succession"